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矛盾与焦虑《英伦魔法师》的哥特元素研究

类型:英语论文 时间:2017年11月9日

IntroductionA. Jane Smiley and HesBorn on September 26, 1949 in Los Angeles, United States, Jane Smiley isuniversally considered as one of the most prominent female writers in contemporaryAmerican literature. As a member of American Academy of Arts and Letters and theAmerican Academy of Arts and Sciences, she is a rather creative and prolific writerand has produced numerous works, including novels, short story, non-fiction booksand young adult novels. Jane Smiley has won plenty of awards for hes. In1992 her most well-known novel A Thousand Acres won the Pulitzer Prize and theNational Bitics Circle Award and The All-True Travels and Adventures ofLidie Newton won the Spur Award for Best Novel of the West in 1999. Apart fromthose, her also won some awards for her othes. Her short stories won the O.Henry Awards, The Age of Grief andere nominated for the National BookCritics Circle Award, Horse Heaven was the short-listed for the Orange Prize, and AtParadise Gate won Friends of American Writers Prize.As it is universally known, Jane Smiley is adept to explore the intricaterelationships between family members, lovers and friends. Thus, Smiley’s works areoften give concern about families and the conflict between them. Regarded as a “truestoryteller”, Smiley was remarked by Paula Chin in People that she “has an unerring,unsettling ability to capture the rhythms of family life gone askew.” (Chin 49)Smiley’s first novel Barn Blind published in 1980 explores the theme of family dailylife, which depicts the life of Kate Karlson, a mother, who dominant her fourchildren. In her following work, At Paradise Gate, Smiley presents the troublebetween family members again and it gives a picture of the life of elderly AnnaRobinson after the death of her husband. Smiley’s third novel, Duplicate Keys, amurder mystery novel which sets in Manhattan and also share a concern for familyrelations. It is worthy to be mentioned that the novel is Smiley’s onlset in city.In 1987, Smiley produced a collection of five stores and a novella, The Age of Grief,which describes the joys and sorrows of married life. The following novel, TheGreenlanders, is described by Howard Norman as a “prodigiously detailed, hauntingnovel.” (Norman 39) In this novel, Smiley also focuses on the theme of family lifeand demonstrates the life of the farmer Gunnar Asgeirsson and his family. In herwork, Moo, Smiley is not concern for the family relationship but depict the campuslife. In her following work, The All-T

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