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英语球类体育新闻中概念隐喻的研究(2)

类型:英语论文 时间:2017年11月16日

and whatare they? After confirming the existence of conceptual metaphor in English ball sportsnews, the author then will classify the conceptual metaphors based on Lakeoff andJohnson’s conceptual metaphor theory.3. How to understand these conceptual metaphors in English ball sports newsthrough the mechanism of conceptual metaphor? Based on the conceptual metaphortheory, the author will discuss the cognitive process of these metaphors in English ballsports news.Since this research is carried out with authentic corpus, therefore, it is of theoretical and practical significance.Theoretically, this paper serves as the complement in the field to exploreconceptual metaphor in news texts. This paper proves that metaphor exists in Englishball sports news, and it can be understood through the mechanism of conceptualmetaphor. On the basis of mapping process of conceptual metaphor in sports news, thispaper will help people have a better understanding of metaphor.........hapter TwoLITERATURE REVIEThis chapter will first review the previous studies on metaphor both abroad and athome and then the previous studies on sports news.2.1 Previous Studies on MetaphThe earliest study of metaphor can be traced back toAristotle, who defined it as akind of rhetorical. In thefAristotle, Rhetoric and Poetics, metaphor is analyzedfrom many aspects in details including definition, working system and main functionsof metaphor. One of Aristotle’s remarks on metaphor was frequently quoted is thedefinition presented in Poetics: “Metaphor consists in giving the thing a name thatbelongs to something else; the transference being either from genus to species, or fromspecies to genus, or from species to species, or on grounds of analogy” (Ricoeur Paul,1977).Aristotle divides metaphor mechanism into four types: (1) The type of genus tospecies, which means using subordinate to substitute hyponym. (2) The type of speciesto genus, which means using hyponymto substitute subordinate. (3)Thetype ofspeciesto species, which means the use in a term of a different class. (4) The type according totheanalogousorproportionally.Aristotleregardsmetaphoras“themovement[epiphora]of an alien [allotrios] word from either genus to species or from species to genus orfrom species to speciesanalogy” (Aristotle 2007: 291).In the first century A.D., ancient Roman rhetorician Quintillian has made asummary ofAristotle’s thoughts. “Quintillian put forward the Theory of Substitution oflanguage metaphor, he considered metaph

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