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英语球类体育新闻中概念隐喻的研究(5)

类型:英语论文 时间:2017年11月16日

hor is ubiquitous in English ball sports news. The author findsout 15types ofconceptual metaphor inEnglish ball sportsnews,and they can be furtherclassified into 9 kinds of structural metaphor, 5 kinds of ontological metaphor and 1kind of orientatinal metaphor according to Lakoff and Johnson’s classification ofconceptual metaphor. This indicates that conceptual metaphor is prevalence in sportstype of writing.The occurrence of each conceptual metaphor in English sports news is different.According to the research result, structural metaphupies the biggest proportion ofthe metaphors the author collected.AndWAR metaphor takes up the largest part amongall the structural metaphors in English ball sports news. The source domain War is usedmost frequently in sports news to describe the situation in the game, and Journeymetaphor takes the second, it is mostly employed to players, and Nature metaphor iswidely used in describing the performance of players on the courts. In ontologicalmetaphor,Container metaphor and Personmetaphor are the representatives.Theformerregards the sports game and the entities in the game as container, and the latter regardsthe sports game as a person...........References (abbreviated) ispaper will help people have a better understanding of metaphor.........hapter TwoLITERATURE REVIEThis chapter will first review the previous studies on metaphor both abroad and athome and then the previous studies on sports news.2.1 Previous Studies on MetaphThe earliest study of metaphor can be traced back toAristotle, who defined it as akind of rhetorical. In thefAristotle, Rhetoric and Poetics, metaphor is analyzedfrom many aspects in details including definition, working system and main functionsof metaphor. One of Aristotle’s remarks on metaphor was frequently quoted is thedefinition presented in Poetics: “Metaphor consists in giving the thing a name thatbelongs to something else; the transference being either from genus to species, or fromspecies to genus, or from species to species, or on grounds of analogy” (Ricoeur Paul,1977).Aristotle divides metaphor mechanism into four types: (1) The type of genus tospecies, which means using subordinate to substitute hyponym. (2) The type of speciesto genus, which means using hyponymto substitute subordinate. (3)Thetype ofspeciesto species, which means the use in a term of a different class. (4) The type according totheanalogousorproportionally.Aristotleregardsmetaphoras“themovement[epiphora]of an alien [allo

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