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英语球类体育新闻中概念隐喻的研究(6)

类型:英语论文 时间:2017年11月16日

trios] word from either genus to species or from species to genus orfrom species to speciesanalogy” (Aristotle 2007: 291).In the first century A.D., ancient Roman rhetorician Quintillian has made asummary ofAristotle’s thoughts. “Quintillian put forward the Theory of Substitution oflanguage metaphor, he considered metaphor as a rhetorical phenomenon to substituteonewordwithanother”(ShuDingfang2000:3).TheTheoryofSubstitutionemphasizesthe Substitutability between source domain and target domain, which means one wordcan perfect substitute another, and these tds always belong to the same 2.2 Previous Studies on Sports NewsAs people’s living standard improved, physical exercise gradually becomes anindispensable part of people’s life, and watching sports programs and listening to thesports news become the main way that people spare their life outside thei.Nowadays, sports news not simply broadcast match scores or result, its style and textstructure are catching more attention.Compared with other news styles, such as political news and economic news,sports news does not catch much attention of scholars. Only a few scholars focus onthisfiled,CrystalandDavy(1969)analyze“theLanguageofUnscriptedCommentary”,for cricket. Ferguson (1983) studies the language of American baseball. Their studiesare only related to spoken commentaries broadcasted on the radio. More recently,Ghadessy (1988) analyzes written sports commentary. Tuggle (1997) examines theamount of coverage given to women’s athletes by two sports television Programs in theUnited States. Witosky (1999) discusses whether sports reporters should probe deeperinto the private lives of sports personalities and Pollack (2003) relates the history ofsports in the U.S.Domestic scholars study sports news from multiple aspects. Some of them focuson the characteristic of sports news, for example, Li Sha (2003) makes a tentativediscussion on the characteristics of sports news. Song Yuxiang (2006) studies thestylistic features of English sports news and Wang Lili (2007) analyzes their lexicalcharacteristics. A feajor findings, limitations and the suggestions of the research.Conceptual metaphor is ubiquitous in English ball sports news. The author findsout 15types ofconceptual metaphor inEnglish ball sportsnews,and they can be furtherclassified into 9 kinds of structural metaphor, 5 kinds of ontological metaphor and 1kind of orientatinal metaphor according to Lakoff and Johnson’s classification ofconceptual metaphor. This indi

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